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2018 Vol. 6, No. 1
Published: 2018-03-30

Review
Article
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Comment
 
       Forum
1 Paying attention to relationship between parenting and infant sleep
WANG Guanghai, WU Ran, DENG Yujiao, JIANG Yanrui, JIANG Fan
DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-4301.2018.01.001
Infancy is a stage of dramatic evolution of individual sleep when behavioral sleep problems such as difficulty falling asleep and frequent and prolonged night wakings are very common. According to the transactional model of infant sleep, parenting and related parental factors as well as parent-child interaction play  important roles in infant sleep. Parenting-focused intervention proves to be effective for infant sleep problems and has become more and more professionalized, individualized and systematized. Given lacking of professional resources, sleep consultants sprung up as a new business, who provide consultation and suggestion to parents with infant sleep problems, particularly in terms of parenting adjustment. However, the statement from the Society of Behavioral Sleep Medicine (SBSM) in US expressed concern about professional backgrounds of sleep consultants and recommended caution in using sleep consultants.
2018 Vol. 6 (1): 1- [Abstract] ( 1959 ) HTML (1 KB)  PDF (2532 KB)  ( 1555 )
       Comment
7 Book review of Educational Neuroscience: the construction of a new discipline and innovation of education
WANG Dandan
DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-4301.2018.01.002
The book of Educational Neuroscience: the construction of a new discipline  and  innovation of education, a comprehensive interpretation of educational neuroscience, elaborated on the development course, cultural effecting factors, brain plasticity, the problems of disciplinary integration, and over interpretation during the development of educational neuroscience. Moreover, it provided the solution for the problem of disciplinary integration. The book put forward many constructive suggestions for the future development of education neuroscience, paid attention to the connection between research results and practical educational applications, and proposed to apply scientific findings to practical education to promote the continuous innovation in education by ways of scientific research, transformation research, and practice research.
2018 Vol. 6 (1): 7- [Abstract] ( 1680 ) HTML (1 KB)  PDF (639 KB)  ( 1236 )
       Article
10 Study on grip strength in children aged 5 to 6 years old in Nanjing
WANG Jing, ZHANG Lei, HONG Qin, YANG Lei, JIANG Bei, XU Qu, OU Jiaxin, ZHANG Qingyu, LI Nan, TONG Meiling, GUO Xirong, CHI Xia
DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-4301.2018.01.003
Objective To analyze the grip strength of children in order to identify developmental laws and characteristics of grip strength, including gender, age, left or right hand, and hand size. Methods A stratified random sample of 485 children in Nanjing ranging in age from 5 to 6 years participated in the study. The size of hands were measured, and developmental laws and characteristics of grip strength, including gender, age, left or right hand, and hand size, were also analyzed. Results ① Boys appeared to be stronger than girls, the results showed no difference between two hands between boys and girls. Strength of right hands among boys increased by 1.7 to 3.8 pounds (1 pound=0.453 kg) every 6 months while the left increased by 1.7 to 4.5 pounds; strength of right hands among girls increased by 2.3 to 2.5 pounds every 6 months while the left increased by 1.5 to 3.2 pounds. ② The study provided an important referred data of grip strength in Nanjing, data were described as  P5, P25, P50, and P75. ③ Strong correlations existed between grip strength and hand size. Conclusion The study analyzed the developmental laws and characteristics of grip strength of children in Nanjing ranging in age from 5 to 6 years according to the age, gender, and hand size, and provided a basis for further clinical and scientific research.
2018 Vol. 6 (1): 10- [Abstract] ( 1986 ) HTML (1 KB)  PDF (805 KB)  ( 1365 )
14 Effects of education efficacy on children's social skills: mediating role of  parenting styles
LIU Hezhou, SUN Shengtao, LI Yan
DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-4301.2018.01.004
Objective To explore the effects and mechanism of education efficacy and parenting styles on children's social skills. Methods A total of 414 children were investigated by using education efficacy scale, parenting style questionnaire, and children's social skill questionnaire. Results The children with high scores in social skills had significant differences in education efficacy, pampering, democracy, indulgence, and inconformity with those with low scores in social skills. However, there was no significant difference authoritarianism between the children of high scores in social skills and those of low scores in social skills.Both  education efficacy and parenting styles were significantly related to children's social skills. Parenting styles played a partial mediating role in the relationship between education efficacy and children's social skills. Conclusion The education efficacy has an indirect effect on children's social skills through the mediation effects of parenting styles.
2018 Vol. 6 (1): 14- [Abstract] ( 2026 ) HTML (1 KB)  PDF (846 KB)  ( 1580 )
20 Study on voice quality in cleft palate children with hypernasality
ZHAO Fengyun, DU Qing, ZHOU Xuan, CHEN Nan, SONG Yanping, WAN Qin
DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-4301.2018.01.005
Objective To analyze the voice quality characteristics of cleft palate children with different degrees of nasal hypernasality. Methods The subjects were 69 cleft palate children and 15 normal children, aged from 3 to 14 years. This study attempted to get four parameters through the sound /a/, which were jitter, shimmer, harmonics-to-noise ratio (HNR), and smoothed cepstral prominence peak (CPPs). The cleft palate could be divided into different degrees of nasal hypernasality through subject assessment. Results There were statistical differences in CPPs between normal children and moderate hypernasality (P=0.020) and severe hypernasality (P=0.010) cleft palate children. Conclusion Compared with normal children, the moderate and severe hypernasality cleft palate children are more likely to have breath sounds.
2018 Vol. 6 (1): 20- [Abstract] ( 1808 ) HTML (1 KB)  PDF (673 KB)  ( 1271 )
24 Relationship between personality and depression of floating adolescents: regulating effect of subjective health
DONG Dan, WANG Daoyang
DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-4301.2018.01.006
Objective To investigate effect of subjective health on the relationship between personality and depression of floating adolescents. Methods A total of 351 floating adolescents were investigated by subjective health complaints index (SHCI), ten-item personality inventory in China (TIPI-C), and Beck-depression rating scale-13. Results  ① There were significantly negative correlations between exogenous, responsible, pleasant, and open personalities, and subjective health and depression. Neuroticism was significantly positively correlated with depression. ② Subjective health played a regulatory role in the relationship between pleasantness, neuroticism, and openness and depression. For low-subjective healthy adolescents, neuroticism could predict predisposing depression, but pleasant and open personalities had no predictive effect on depression. For the high-subjective healthy adolescents, the neurotic personality still had a positive predictive effect on depression, but the positive predictive effect was weakened; the pleasant and open personality could negatively predict depression. Conclusion The high level of subjective health can reduce the positive predictive effect of neurotic personality on depression and enhance the negative predictive effect of pleasant and open personality on depression. Low-subjective health level enhances the positive predictive effect of neuroticism on depression.
2018 Vol. 6 (1): 24- [Abstract] ( 2209 ) HTML (1 KB)  PDF (862 KB)  ( 1667 )
       Review
30 The status quo of handwriting ability in children
JIANG Bei, CHI Xia
DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-4301.2018.01.007
Handwriting ability is the embodiment of the comprehensive coordination ability of the multi-system function. It is closely related to the sense of perception, cognition, and motion function. It is not only the means of children's knowledge acquisition, but also the important content of their learning. Handwriting ability is  reflected mainly through the handwriting quality such as accuracy, clarity, and speed  of writing. However, up to now, there are no systematic and effective writing ability assessment tools in domestic researches. It is of great importance to actively carry out relevant researches on children's handwriting ability in China, providing basis for further research and clinical work.
2018 Vol. 6 (1): 30- [Abstract] ( 1937 ) HTML (1 KB)  PDF (688 KB)  ( 1741 )
34 New advances in oxytocin therapy for autism spectrum disorder
LI Yonggang, LIN Guoyao, CHEN Shunsen
DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-4301.2018.01.008
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a kind of neurodevelopmental disorder based on neurobiology, the pathogenesis of which is still unclear. Oxytocin (OT) is a cyclic ninepeptide molecule, which can regulate many physiological and psychological phenomena, such as learning, memory, social interaction, ingestion, digestion, blood pressure, and heart rate. In recent years, OT has become the focus of ASD research because of its important role in regulating social interaction in the central nervous system. This article summarizes the research progress of OT therapy on the social interaction behavior of ASD patients in recent years, hoping to provide enlightenment for domestic research and practice of related fields.
2018 Vol. 6 (1): 34- [Abstract] ( 2106 ) HTML (1 KB)  PDF (650 KB)  ( 1504 )
38 Expansion of teaching epistemology from neurobiological basis of teaching effect: analysis based on Damacio's study
YANG Xiaofeng
DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-4301.2018.01.009
According to Antonio R Damacio's findings, the  teaching sets it starting mark on the nervous system supporting proto-self, moves along the path from nervous system supporting core self, core consciousness, autobiographical consciousness, and self-extended consciousness, and finally reaches its destination, nervous system supporting conscience. Meanwhile, nervous system supporting emotion plays an important role during the process. Understanding teaching from the perspective of neuroscience can help us to reconstruct teaching epistemology.
2018 Vol. 6 (1): 38- [Abstract] ( 1754 ) HTML (1 KB)  PDF (709 KB)  ( 1141 )
44 Composing disorders of intonation in amusia
SONG Bei, HOU Jiancheng, ZHOU Jiaxian, ZHU Haidong
DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-4301.2018.01.0010
Pitch is the element that composes musical tone and linguist intonation. The individuals with amusia not only have the pitch disorder, but also have the intonation disorder in tone and non-tone languages to a certain extent. Meanwhile, the factors such as the category and presentation of language can also affect intonation processing. The cognitive neuroscience research on intonation in amusia is helpful to provide the evidence to the “resource-sharing framework” that is between music and language, and possibly also provide clinical reference to aphsia and amusia.
2018 Vol. 6 (1): 44- [Abstract] ( 1693 ) HTML (1 KB)  PDF (679 KB)  ( 1074 )
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