Abstract：Pediatricians are indispensable to education，special education in particular. The objects of special education are not ordinary children，but pediatric patients instead. Due to the facts that different diseases may have different impact on learning ability，different manifestations of one disease may also lead to different performance of learning ability，there are objective rules for outcomes of various diseases，and the current hospital-based rehabilitation mode can not meet the requirements of special education，health and education partnership is of vital importance. The medical problems in teaching practice may involve school admission age，identification of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder，and relationship between growth and developmental patterns and teaching regulations. In addressing these problems，Professor SHEN Xiaoming calls for the reform of cultivation program and curricula system for teachers of special education，employment of working rules and standard of special education，and establishment of school-based rehabilitation centers.