Abstract：The idea of health and education partnership has enjoyed a long history in the river of Chinese culture. To interpret the concept of health and education partnership from the interdisciplinary perspectives of philosophy，neuroscience，psychology，medicine，sociology and pedagogy helps to reveal that the combination of high technology and humanity spirit is the development trend of contemporary education，and health and education partnership is the favorable route for development of modern special education. Health and education partnership is a systematic project which allows the deep reform and positive interaction among medicine，education and related disciplines. Health and education partnership in special education may not be the simple combination of biomedical view and behavior training concept，but the deep combination of evidence-based education view and social medicine concept. On one hand，with the help of preventive medicine，rehabilitation medicine and social medicine，the birth of disabled infants may be prevented，the timing of early intervention and rehabilitation may be grasped，and the inherent law of physical and mental development，brain activity and special education may be revealed through in-depth analysis with empirical methods，which may provide a scientific basis for the identification，evaluation and intervention for special children. On the other hand，health and education partnership recognizes individual differences，respects cultural diversity，removes education utilitarian，transforms force-driven behavior training into independent personality training，and emphasizes the interaction between biological genetics and cultural heritage.