Abstract：Child early development has a key influence on the quality of one’s life. Impregnation，pregnancy，delivery，and the period from birth to 8 years old are considered to be the early life. The issue of child early development is discussed in this paper from basis of social ability for child early mental development，content of child early development，and the problems related to child early development including sexual inequality，socioeconomic resource inequality，family as a unit for child early development，Early Child Development Virtual University and Kangaroo Mother Care. It is pointed out that research on physiological environment for child early development and cost-effective evaluation for child early development plan should be carried out. China has stepped forward in child early development field，but due to the inequality in economy，medical service and education，there is a long way to go in the future.