“Critical period” and “sensitive period” of music training and enlightenment of music education
SONG Bei1, HOU Jiancheng2, LUO Dan3, ZHOU Jiaxian4
1. Department of Musicology, Harbin Conservatory of Music, Harbin 150028, Heilongjiang Province, China; 2. Center for Studies of Fujian and Taiwan, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, Fujian Province, China; 3. Department of Biomedical Sciences, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong 999077, China;
4. Centre for Educational Neuroscience, Department of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Education, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
The “critical period” and “sensitive period” are two related but also different concepts. Early studies about music training believed that early music training is important but later training is poor or even ineffective to the critical period during human's brain development. Subsequent studies have shown that the brain nervous system has lifelong plasticity and music training during the sensitive period has the significant effect on psychological cognition and neural construction. However, music training after the sensitive period can still improve mental cognition and shape the neurological function and structure of brain. Therefore, based on current studies about cognitive neuroscience, this review differentiates and analyzes the definition and main representations of critical period and sensitive period, and then put forward how to effectively and scientifically promote the development of music education.
宋 蓓，侯建成，骆 丹，周加仙. 音乐训练的“关键期”与“敏感期”及其音乐教育启示[J]. 教育生物学杂志, 2020, 8(4): 278-.
SONG Bei, HOU Jiancheng, LUO Dan, ZHOU Jiaxian. “Critical period” and “sensitive period” of music training and enlightenment of music education. JOURNAL OF BIO-EDUCATION, 2020, 8(4): 278-.