Relationship between symptoms of ADHD and health-risky behaviors among college students
YUAN Yuan1,2, SHI Huijing1, XIA Zhijuan3, ZHANG Zhe1,4, TONG Lian1
1.School of Public Health/Collaborative Innovation Center of Social Risks Governance in Health, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China; 2.Shanghai Public Health School, Shanghai 200434, China；3.Campus Hospital of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200040, China; 4.Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control & Prevention, Shanghai 200336, China
Abstract：Objective To investigate the symptom level of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among college students and its associations with risky behaviors of smoking, drinking, and unhealthy sexual behavior. Methods By using purposive sampling of cluster-randomization, 1 964 college students participated an anonymous questionnaire survey, and 1 891 participants (96.3%) provided valid data about their ADHD symptoms and targeted health-risky behaviors. Results The prevalence rate of ADHD positive symptoms was 7.8%, with 8.7% in males and 7.6% in females. Compared to those with negative symptoms, self-reported rates of smoking, drinking, and unhealthy sexual behaviors were significantly higher in those with positive symptoms. After controlling the confounding effects of school, age, parents’ education level, self-perceived family economic status, social support, and stressors in daily study and life, positive ADHD symptom was a significant risk factor for the behaviors of “ever smoking”, “current smoking” in females, with adjusted ORs (95% CI) being 3.03 (1.50, 6.15) and 2.42 (1.06, 5.53), “unprotected sexual behavior” in males being 2.29 (1.25, 4.18), “current alcoholism” being 2.31 (1.31, 4.09) in males and 2.28 (1.13, 4.59) in females, respectively. Conclusion The effects of ADHD towards unhealthy behaviors like substance use and unhealthy sexual practices could not be ignored in college aged population.
袁媛，史慧静，夏志娟，张喆，童连. 大学生ADHD与吸烟、饮酒、不安全性行为的关联性研究[J]. 教育生物学杂志, 2016, 4(2): 79-.
YUAN Yuan, SHI Huijing, XIA Zhijuan, ZHANG Zhe, TONG Lian. Relationship between symptoms of ADHD and health-risky behaviors among college students. JOURNAL OF BIO-EDUCATION, 2016, 4(2): 79-.